In R​eview

Chang Y, Z Zou, Y Zhang (2019) Multiple-Year-Observed (2014-2018) Changes in Atmospheric Particulate Vanadium Linked to China’s Shipping Emission Regulations, in review
Chang Y, Y Zhang, L Song, D Liu, B Yang, WW Walters, Y Fang (2019) Small-Scale Studies of Vehicle-Emitted NH3 Reveal Extreme Ranges of Stable Nitrogen Isotope Signatures, in review
Chang Y, S Shao, Z Zou, Y Zhang (2019) Measurements of atmospheric NH3 in urban China may be significantly affected by septic tank emissions from ceiling ducts, in review
Zhang M, G Yu, J Zhuang, S Koirala, R Gentry, L Zhang, X Sun, S Han, J Yan, X Wen, Q Wang (2019) Multi-temporal Analysis of Variations in Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 and its Environmental Controls in Forest Ecosystems, in review


Xiao Q, X Xu, H Duan, T Qi, B Qin, X Lee, Z Hu, W Wang, W Xiao, M Zhang (2020) Eutrophic Lake Taihu as a significant CO2 source during 2000-2015Water Research, 170, 115331.

Shao L, G Li, Q Zhao, Y Li, Y Sun, W Wang, C Cai, W Chen, R Liu, W Luo, X Yin, X Lee (2020) The fertilization effect of global dimming on crop yields is not attributed to an improved light interception. Global Change Biology, in press


Liang J, Z Wei, X Lee, JS Wright, X Cui, H Chen, G Lin (2019) Evapotranspiration characteristics distinct to mangrove ecosystems are revealed by multiple-site observations and a modified two-source model. Water Resources Research, 55.

Sha T, X Ma, H Jia, R Tian, Y Chang, F Cao, Y Zhang (2019) Aerosol chemical component: Simulations with WRF-Chem and comparison with observations in Nanjing. Atmospheric Environment, 218: 116982.

Deshmukh DK, K Kawamura, T Gupta, MM Haque, Y Zhang, DK Singh, YI Tsai (2019) High loadings of water-soluble oxalic acid and related compounds in PM2.5 aerosols in Eastern Central India: Influence of biomass burning and photochemical processingAerosol and Air Quality Research, 19(12): 2625–2644.

Yang C, C Zhang, T Huang, X Dong, L Hua (2019) Ultra-long ZnO/carbon nanofiber as free-standing electrochemical sensor for dopamine in the presence of uric acid. Journal of Materials Science, 54(24): 14897-14904.

Deshmukh DK, MM Haque, Y Kim, K Kawamura (2019) Organic tracers of fine aerosol particles in central Alaska: summertime composition and sourcesAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(22): 14009-14029.

Bhattarai H, Y Zhang, CM Pavuluri, X Wan, G Wu, P Li, F Cao, W Zhang, Y Wang, S Kang, K Ram, K Kawamura, Z Ji, D Widory, Z Cong (2019) Nitrogen speciation and isotopic composition of aerosols collected at Himalayan Forest (3326 m a.s.l.): seasonality, sources, and implications. Environmental Science & Technology, 53(21): 12247-12256.

Yang C, X Sun, C Zhang (2019) Millepore species-like ultra-long carbon fiber/cobalt nickel and its electrochemical activity. Materials Research Express, 6(11): 115621.

Chen Q, Z Mu, W Song, Y Wang, Z Yang, L Zhang, Y Zhang (2019) Size‐resolved characterization of the chromophores in atmospheric particulate matter from a typical coal‐burning city in ChinaJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(19): 10546-10563.

Chang Y, Y Zhang, J Li, C Tian, L Song, X Zhai, W Zhang, T Huang, Y Lin, C Zhu, Y Fang, MF Lehmann, J Chen  (2019) Isotopic constraints on the atmospheric sources and formation of nitrogenous species in clouds influenced by biomass burningAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(19): 12221-12234.

Wang Y, CM Pavuluri, P Fu, P Li, Z Dong, Z Xu, H Ren, Y Fan, L Li, Y Zhang, C Liu (2019) Characterization of secondary organic aerosol tracers over Tianjin, North China during summer to autumn. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, 3(10): 2339-2352.

Wei Z, X Lee (2019) The utility of near-surface water vapor deuterium excess as an indicator of atmospheric moisture sourceJournal of Hydrology, 577: 123923.

Zhao J, M Zhang, W Xiao, W Wang, Z Zhang, Z Yu, Q Xiao, Z Cao, J Xu, X Zhang, S Liu, X Lee (2019) An evaluation of the flux-gradient and the eddy covariance method to measure CH4, CO2, and H2O fluxes from small pondsAgricultural and Forest Meteorology, 275: 255-264. Online supplement

Liu X, Y Zhang, Y Peng, L Xu, C Zhu, F Cao, X Zhai, M Haque, C Yang, Y Chang, T Huang, Z Xu, M Bao, W Zhang, M Fan,  X Lee (2019) Chemical and optical properties of carbonaceous aerosols in Nanjing, eastern China: regionally transported biomass burning contribution. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(17): 11213-11233.

Zhang W, Y Zhang, F Cao, Y Xiang, Y Zhang, M Bao, X Liu, Y Lin (2019) High time-resolved measurement of stable carbon isotope composition in water-soluble organic aerosols: method optimization and a case study during winter haze in eastern China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(17): 11071-11087.

Fan M, Y Zhang, Y Lin, Y Chang, F Cao, W Zhang, Y Hu, M Bao, X Liu, X Zhai, X Lin, Z Zhao, W Song (2019) Isotope-based source apportionment of nitrogen-containing aerosols: A case study in an industrial city in ChinaAtmospheric Environment, 212: 96-105.

Bikkina S, MM Haque, M Sarin, K Kawamura (2019) Tracing the relative significance of primary versus secondary organic aerosols from biomass burning plumes over coastal ocean using sugar compounds and stable carbon isotopes. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry, 3(8): 1471-1484.

Xiao Q, Z Hu, C Fu, H Bian, X Lee, S Chen, D Shang (2019) Surface nitrous oxide concentrations and fluxes from water bodies of the agricultural watershed in Eastern ChinaEnvironmental Pollution, 251: 185-192.

Xu X, S Jin, C Yang, J Pan, W Du, J Hu, H Zeng, and Y Zhou (2019) Engineering interfaces to steer hole dynamics of BiVO4 photoanodes for solar water oxidation. Solar RRL, 3(11): 1900115.

Zhang M, Q Xiao, Z Zhang, Y Gao, J Zhao, Y Pu, W Wang, W Xiao, S Liu, X Lee (2019) Methane flux dynamics in a submerged aquatic vegetation zone in a subtropical lakeScience of the Total Environment, 672: 400-409.

Lu S, M Hummel, Z Gu, Y Gu, Z Cen, L Wei, Y Zhou, Cai Zhang, C Yang (2019) Trash to treasure: A novel chemical route to synthesis of NiO/C for hydrogen production. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(31): 16144-16153.

Yang Y, X Lee (2019) Four-band thermal mosaicking: A new method to process infrared thermal imagery of urban landscapes from UAV flightsRemote Sensing, 11(11): 1365.

Sha T, X Ma, H Jia, RJ van der A, J Ding, Y Zhang, Y Chang (2019) Exploring the influence of two inventories on simulated air pollutants during winter over the Yangtze River Delta. Atmospheric Environment, 206: 170-182.

Dong X, C Xu, C Yang, F Chen, AG Manoharia, Z Zhu, W Zhang, R Wang, D You, J Chen (2019) Photoelectrochemical response to glutathione in Au-decorated ZnO nanorod array. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 7(19): 5624-5629.

Wang L, X Lee, D Feng, C Fu, Z Wei, Y Yang, Y Yin, Y Luo, G Lin (2019) Impact of large-scale afforestation on surface temperature: a case study in the Kubuqi Desert, Inner Mongolia based on the WRF modelForests, 10(5): 368.

Hu C, TJ Griffis, S Liu, W Xiao, N Hu, W Huang, D Yang, X Lee (2019) Anthropogenic methane emission and its partitioning for the Yangtze River Delta region of ChinaJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences124(5): 1148-1170.

Xiao Q, X Xu, M Zhang, H Duan, Z Hu, W Wang, W Xiao, X Lee (2019) Coregulations of nitrous oxide emissions by nitrogen and temperature in China’s third largest freshwater lake (Lake Taihu)Limnology and Oceanography64(3): 1070-1086.

Haque MM, K Kawamura, DK Deshmukh, F Cao, W Song, M Bao, Y Zhang (2019) Characterization of organic aerosols from a Chinese megacity during winter: predominance of fossil fuel combustion. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(7): 5147-5164.

Wu G, K Ram, P Fu, W Wang, Y Zhang, X Liu, EA Stone, BB Pradhan, PM Dangol, AK Panday, X Wan, Z Bai, S Kang, Q Zhang, Z Cong (2019) Water-soluble brown carbon in atmospheric aerosols from Godavari (Nepal), a regional representative of South Asia. Environmental Science & Technology, 53(7): 3471-3479.

Huang W, W Xiao, M Zhang, W Wang, J Xu, Y Hu, C Hu, S Liu, X Lee (2019) Anthropogenic CH4 emissions in the Yangtze River Delta based on a “Top-down” methodAtmosphere, 10(4): 185.

Sun J, M Liang, Z Shi, F Shen, J Li, L Huang, X Ge, Q Chen, Y Sun, Y Zhang, Y Chang, D Ji, Q Ying, H Zhang, SH Kota, J Hu (2019) Investigating the PM2.5 mass concentration growth processes during 2013-2016 in Beijing and Shanghai. Chemosphere, 221: 452-463.

Wan X, K Kawamura, K Ram, S Kang, M Loewen, S Gao, G Wu, P Fu, Y Zhang, H Bhattarai, Z Cong (2019) Aromatic acids as biomass-burning tracers in atmospheric aerosols and ice cores: A review. Environmental Pollution, 247: 216-228.

Guo Z, Q Guo, S Chen, B Zhu, Y Zhang, J Yu, Z Guo (2019) Study on pollution behavior and sulfate formation during the typical haze event in Nanjing with water soluble inorganic ions and sulfur isotopes. Atmospheric Research, 217: 198-207.

Chang Y, Z Zou, Y Zhang, C Deng, J Hu, Z Shi, AJ Dore, JL Collect Jr. (2019) Assessing contributions of agricultural and non-agricultural emissions to atmospheric ammonia in a Chinese megacityEnvironmental Science & Technology, 53(4): 1822-1833.

Zhao K, Y Bao, J Huang, Y Wu, F Moshary, M Arend, Y Wang, X Lee (2019) A high-resolution modeling study of a heat wave-driven ozone exceedance event in New York City and surrounding regionsAtmospheric Environment, 199: 368-379.

Qu B, Y Zhang, S Kang, M Sillanpää (2019) Water quality in the Tibetan Plateau: Major ions and trace elements in riverof the “Water Tower of Asia”. Science of The Total Environment, 649: 571-581.

Wang J, X Lin, L Lu, Y Wu, H Zhang, Q Lv, W Liu, Y Zhang, S Zhuang (2019) Temporal variation of oxidative potential of water soluble components of ambient PM2.5 measured by dithiothreitol (DTT) assay. Science of The Total Environment, 649: 969-978.

Wei Z, X Lee, F Aemisegger, M Benetti, M Berkelhammer, M Casado, K Caylor, E Christner, D Christoph, O Garcia, Y González, T Griffis, N Kurita, J Liang, M Liang, G Lin, D Noone, K Gribanov, N Munksgaard, M Schneider, F Ritter, H Steen-Larsen, CV Coulomb, X Wen, JS Wright, W Xiao, K Yoshimura (2019) A global database of water vapor isotopes measured with high temporal resolution infrared laser spectroscopyScientific Data, 6: 180302.

Wang Y, Q Ma, Y Gao, X Hao, S Liu (2019) Simulation of the Surface Energy Flux and Thermal Stratification of Lake Taihu with Three 1-D Models. Water, 11(5): 1026.

Zhang X, J Huang, G Li, Y Wang, C Liu, K Zhao, X Tao, X Hu, X Lee (2019) Improving lake-breeze simulation with WRF  nested LES and lake-model over a large shallow lakeJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 58(8): 1689-1708.

Liu C, E Fedorovich, J Huang, X Hu, Y Wang, X Lee  (2019) Impact of aerosol shortwave radiative heating on the entrainment in atmospheric convective boundary layer: a large-eddy simulation studyJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76(3): 785-799.


Wang W, X Lee, W Xiao, S Liu, N Schultz, Y Wang, M Zhang, L Zhao (2018) Global lake evaporation accelerated by changes in surface energy allocation in a warmer climate. Nature Geoscience, 11(6): 410-414.

Xiao W, Z Wei, X Wen (2018) Evapotranspiration partitioning at the ecosystem scale using the stable isotope method - A reviewAgricultural and Forest Meteorology, 263: 346-361.

Cao C, X Lee, J Muhlhausen, L Bonneau, J Xu (2018) Measuring landscape albedo using unmanned aerial vehicles. Remote Sensing, 10(11): 1812.

Liu C, E Fedorovich, J Huang (2018) Revisiting entrainment relationships for shear-free and sheared convective boundary layers through large-eddy simulations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 144(716): 2182-2195.

Wei Z, X Lee, EG Patton (2018) ISOLESC: A coupled Isotope-LSM–LES-Cloud modeling system to investigate the water budget in the atmospheric boundary layerJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10(10): 2589-2617.

Fu C, Q Zhu, G Yang, Q Xiao, Z Wei, X Xiao (2018) Influences of extreme weather conditions on the carbon cycles of bamboo and tea ecosystems. Forests, 9(10): 629.

Xiao W, Y Qian, X Lee, W Wang, M Zhang, X Wen, S Liu, Y Hu, C Xie, Z Zhang, X Zhang, X Zhao, F Zhang (2018) Hydrologic implications of the isotopic kinetic fractionation of open-water evaporation. SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences61(10): 1523-1532.

Lin Y, S Hsu, C Lin, S Lin, Y Huang, Y Chang, Y Zhang (2018) Enhancements of airborne particulate arsenic over the subtropical free troposphere: impact of southern Asian biomass burning. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(19): 13865-13879.

Zhou Y, Q Xiao, X Yao, Y Zhang, M Zhang, K Shi, X Lee, D Podgorski, B Qin, RGM Spencer, E Jeppesen (2018) Accumulation of terrestrial dissolved organic matter potentially enhances dissolved methane levels in eutrophic Lake Taihu, ChinaEnvironmental Science & Technology, 52(18): 10297-10306.

Liu C, J Huang, E Fedorovich, X Hu, Y Wang, X Lee  (2018) The effect of aerosol radiative heating on turbulence statistics and spectra in the atmospheric convective boundary layer: a large-eddy simulation study. Atmosphere9(9): 347.

Chang Y, Huang, M Xie, Deng, Z Zou, S Liu, Y Zhang (2018) First long-term and near real-time measurement of trace elements in China’s urban atmosphere: temporal variability, source apportionment and precipitation effectAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18: 11793-11812.

Chang Y, Y Zhang, C Tian, S Zhang, X Ma, F Cao, X Liu, W Zhang, T Kuhn, MF Lehmann (2018) Nitrogen isotope fractionation during gas-particle conversion of NOx to NO3 in the atmosphere – implications for isotope-based NOx source apportionmentAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(16): 11647-11661.

Chen Y, X Ge, H Chen, X Xie, Y Chen, J Wang, Z Ye, M Bao, Y Zhang, M Chen  (2018) Seasonal light absorption properties of water-soluble brown carbon in atmospheric fine particles in Nanjing, ChinaAtmospheric Environment, 187: 230-240.

Hu C, S Liu, Y Wang,  M Zhang, W Xiao, W Wang, J Xu (2018) Anthropogenic CO2 emissions from a megacity in the Yangtze River Delta of ChinaEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(23): 23157-23169.

Hu N,  S Liu, Y Gao, J Xu, X Zhang, Z Zhang, X Lee (2018) Large methane emissions from natural gas vehicles in Chinese cities. Atmospheric Environment, 187: 374-380.

Gao Y, X Lee, S Liu, N Hu, X Wei, C Hu, C Liu, Z Zhang, Y Yang (2018) Spatiotemporal variability of the near-surface CO2 concentration across an industrial-urban-rural transect, Nanjing, ChinaScience of the Total Environment, 631-632: 1192-1200.

Boreddy SKR, MM Haquea, K Kawamura, P Fu, Y Kim (2018) Homologous series of n-alkanes (C19-C35), fatty acids (C12-C32) and n-alcohols (C8-C30) in atmospheric aerosols from central Alaska: Molecular distributions, seasonality and source indicesAtmospheric Environment, 184: 87-97.

Yan F, M Sillanpää, S Kang, KS Aho, B Qu, D Wei, X Li, C Li, PA Raymond (2018) Lakes on the Tibetan Plateau as conduits of greenhouse gases to the atmosphereJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123(7): 2091-2103.

Li C, P Chen, S Kang, F Yan, L Tripathee, G Wu, B Qu, M Sillanpää, D Yang, T Dittmar, A Stubbins, PA Raymond (2018) Fossil fuel combustion emission from South Asia influences precipitation dissolved organic carbon reaching the remote Tibetan Plateau: isotopic and molecular evidence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(11): 6248-6258.

Han Y, Y Chen, S Ahmad, Y Feng, F Zhang, W Song, F Cao, Y Zhang, X Yang, J Li, G Zhang (2018) High time- and size-resolved measurements of PM and chemical composition from coal combustion: implications for the EC formation process. Environment Science, 52(11): 6676-6685.

Xiao K, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, PV Bolstad, MD Erickson,  X Lee, JD Wood, C Hu, JL Nieber (2018) Evaporation from a temperate closed-basin lake and its impact on present, past,  and future water levelJournal of Hydrology, 561: 59-75.

Fu C, X Lee, TJ Griffis, G Wang, Z Wei (2018) Influences of root hydraulic redistribution on N2O emissions at AmeriFlux sitesGeophysical Research Letters, 45(10): 5135-5143.

Hu C, TJ Griffis, X Lee, DB Millet, Z Chen, J Baker, K Xiao (2018) Top-down constraints on anthropogenic CO2 emissions within an agricultural-urban landscapeJournal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 123(9): 4674-4694.

Fu C, X Lee, TJ GriffisJM Baker, PA Turner (2018) A modeling study of direct and indirect N2O emissions from a representative catchment in the U.S. Corn BeltWater Resources Research, 54(5): 3632-3653.

Chen L, M Zhang, J Zhu, Y Wang, A Skorokhod (2018) Modeling impacts of urbanization and urban heat island mitigation on boundary layer meteorology and air quality in Beijing under different weather conditions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(8): 4323-4344.

Wei Z, X Lee, X Wen, W Xiao (2018) Evapotranspiration partitioning for three agro-ecosystems with contrasting moisture conditions: a comparison of an isotope method and a two-source model calculation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 252: 296-310. Online supplement

Wei Z, X Lee, Z Liu, U Seeboonruang, M Koike, K Yoshimura (2018) Influences of large-scale convection and moisture source on monthly precipitation isotope ratios observed in Thailand, Southeast AsiaEarth and Planetary Science Letters, 488: 181-192. Online supplement

Yang Y, Y Wang, Z Zhang, W Wang, X Ren, Y GaoLiu, X Lee (2018) Diurnal and seasonal variations of thermal stratification and vertical mixing in a shallow fresh water lakeJournal of Meteorological Research, 32(2): 219-232.

Zhang Y, I El-Haddad, R Huang, K Ho, J Cao, Y Han, P Zotter, C Bozzetti, KR Daellenbach, JG Slowik, G Salazar, ASH Prévôt, S Szidat (2018) Large contribution of fossil-fuel derived secondary organic carbon to water-soluble organic aerosols in winter haze of China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(6): 4005-4017.

Boreddy SKR, MM Haque, K Kawamura (2018) Long-term (2001–2012) trends of carbonaceous aerosols from a remote island in the western North Pacific: an outflow regionof Asian pollutants. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(2): 1291-1306.

Wang L, X Lee, N Schultz, S Chen, Z Wei, C Fu, Y Gao, Y Yang, G Lin (2018) Response of surface temperature to afforestation in the Kubuqi Desert, Inner Mongolia. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 123(3): 948-964. Online supplement

Wang S, CM Pavuluri, L Ren, P Fu, Y Zhang, C Liu (2018) Implications for biomass/coal combustion emissions and secondary formation of carbonaceous aerosols in North China. RSC Advances, 8(66): 38108-38117


Cao F, Y Zhang, L Ren, J Liu, J Li, G Zhang, D Liu, Y Sun, Z Wang, Z Shi, P Fu (2017) New insights into the sources and formation of carbonaceous aerosols in China: potential applications of dual-carbon isotopes. National Science Review, 4(6): 804-806.

Qu B, K Aho, C Li, S Kang, M Sillanpää, F Yan, P Raymond (2017) Greenhouse gases emissions in rivers of the Tibetan PlateauScientific Reports, 7: 16573.

Zhang Y, H Ren, Y Sun,  F Cao, Y Chang,  S Liu,  X Lee, K Agrios, K Kawamura, D Liu, L Ren,  W Du, Z Wang, A  Prevot, S Szidat, P Fu (2017) High contribution of non-fossil sources to sub-micron organic aerosols in Beijing, China. Environmental Science and Technology51, 7842-7852.

Zhao L, X Lee, N Schultz (2017) A wedge strategy for mitigation of urban warming in future climate scenarios. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics17, 9067-9080. Online supplement

Fu C, X Lee, TJ Griffis, EJ Dlugokencky, AE Andrews (2017) Investigation of the N2O emission strength in the U. S. Corn BeltAtmospheric Research, 194: 66-77.

Schultz N, P Lawrence, X Lee (2017) Global satellite data highlights the diurnal asymmetry of the surface temperature response to deforestationJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 122, 903-917, doi: 10.1002/2016JG003653. | EOS Research Spotlight

Wei Z, K Yoshimura, L Wang, D Miralles, S Jasechko, X Lee (2017) Revisiting the contribution of transpiration to global terrestrial evapotranspirationGeophysical Research Letters, 44, 2792-2801, doi: 10.1002/2016GL072235.

Xu J, X Lee, W Xiao, C Cao, S Liu, X Wen, J Xu, Z Zhang, J Zhao (2017) Interpreting the 13C/12C ratio of carbon dioxide in an urban airshed in the Yangtze River Delta, ChinaAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17: 3385-3399. Online supplement / Data access

Wang K, S Jiang, J Wang, C Zhou, X Wang, X Lee (2017) Comparing the diurnal and seasonal variabilities of atmospheric and surface urban heat islands based on the Beijing urban meteorological networkJournal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 122, 2131-2154, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025304.

Bao M, F Cao, Y Chang, Y Zhang, Y Gao, X Liu, Y Zhang, W Zhang, T Tang, S Liu, X Lee, J Li, G Zhang (2017) Characteristics and origins of air pollutants and carbonaceous aerosols during wintertime haze episodes at a rural site in the Yangtze River Delta, ChinaAtmospheric Pollution Research, 8, 900-911.

Wang Y, Y Gao, H Qin, J Huang, C Liu, C Hu, W Wang, S Liu, X Lee (2017) Spatiotemporal characteristics of lake breezes over Lake Taihu, ChinaJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56(7): 2053-2065.

Xiao Q, M Zhang, Z Hu, Y Gao, C Hu, C Liu, S Liu, Z Zhang, J Zhao, W Xiao, X Lee (2017) Spatial variations of methane emission in a large shallow eutrophic lake in subtropical climateJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 122, 1597-1614, doi: 10.1002/2017JG003805. Online supplement / Editor’s Highlight

Hu C, Y Wang, W Wang, S Liu, M Piao, W Xiao, X Lee (2017) Trends in evaporation of a large subtropical lakeTheoretical and Applied Climatology, 129: 159-170.

Chang Y, C Deng, F Cao, C Cao, Z Zou, S Liu, X Lee, J Li, G Zhang, Y Zhang (2017) Assessment of carbonaceous aerosols in Shanghai, China-Part 1: Long-term evolution, seasonal variations and meteorological effectsAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 9945-9964 .

Cao F, S Zhang, K Kawamura, X Liu, C Yang, Z Xu, M Fan, W Zhang, M Bao, Y Chang, W Song, S Liu, X Lee, J Li, G Zhang, Y Zhang (2017) Chemical characteristics of dicarboxylic acids and related organic compounds in PM2.5 during biomass-burning and non-biomass-burning  seasons at a rural site of Northeast China. Environmental Pollution, 231: 654-662.

Chen S, Z Guo, Z Guo, Q Guo, Y Zhang, B Zhu, H Zhang (2017) Sulfur isotopic fractionation and its implication: Sulfate formation in PM2.5 and coal combustion under different conditionsAtmospheric Research, 194: 142-149.

Lu S,  C Yang, M Nie (2017) Hydrothermal synthesized urchin-like nickel-cobalt carbonate hollow spheres for sensitive amperometric detection of nitrite.  Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 708: 780-786.

Liu H, L Weng, C Yang (2017) A review on nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors for H2O2, H2S and  NO inside cells or released by cellsMicrochimica ActaDOI 10.1007/s00604-017-2179-2.

Wang L, X Lee, W Wang, X Wang, Z Wei, C Fu, Y Gao, L Lu, W Song, P Su, G Lin (2017) A meta-analysis of open-path eddy covariance observations of apparent CO2 flux in cold conditions in the FLUXNET networkJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34(11):2475–2487 . Online supplement

Griffis T, Z Chen, J Baker, J Wood, D Millet, X Lee, R Venterea, P Turner (2017) Nitrous oxide emissions are enhanced in a warmer and wetter worldProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114: 12081-12085.

Xiao W,  X Lee, Y Hu, S Liu, W Wang, X Wen, M Werner, C Xie (2017) An experimental investigation of kinetic fractionation of open-water evaporation over a large lakeJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres122, 11651–11663, doi: 10.1002/2017JD026774.



Cao C, X Lee, S Liu, N Schultz, W Xiao, M Zhang, L Zhao (2016) Urban heat islands in China enhanced by haze pollutionNature Communications, 7: 12509, doi: 10.1038/ncomms12509. Yale News 

Chang Y and Ma H (2016) Comment on “Fossil Fuel Combustion-Related Emissions Dominate Atmospheric Ammonia Sources during Severe Haze Episodes: Evidence from 15N‑Stable Isotope in Size-Resolved Aerosol Ammonium”. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(19): 10765-10766.

Wang W, J Xu, Y Gao, I Bogoev, J Cui, L Deng, C Hu, C Liu, S Liu, J Shen, X Sun, W Xiao, G Yuan, X Lee (2016) Performance evaluation of an integrated open-path eddy covariance system in a cold desert environmentJournal of Atmopspheric and Oceanic Technology, 33: 2385–2399, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0149.1. Online supplement.

Chen Z, T Griffis, D Millet, J Wood, X Lee, J Baker, K Xiao, P Turner, M Chen, J Zobitz (2016) Partitioning N2O emissions within the US Corn Belt using an inverse modeling approachGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 30:1192-1205, doi:10.1002/2015GB00531.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, K Agrios, M Lee, G Salazar, S Szidat (2016) Fossil and Non-Fossil Sources of Organic and Elemental Carbon Aerosols in the Outflow from Northeast ChinaEnvironmental Science & Technology50(12): 6284-6292.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, T Watanabe, S Hatakeyama, A Takami, W Wang (2016) New directions: Need for better understanding of source and formation process of phthalic acid in aerosols as inferred from aircraft observations over China Atmospheric Environment, 140: 147-149.

Schultz N, X Lee, P Lawrence, D Lawrence, L Zhao (2016) Assessing the use of sub-grid land model output to study impacts of land cover changeJournal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 121: 6133-6147.

Turner P, T Griffis, J Baker, X Lee, J Crawford, L Loken, R Venterea (2016) Regional-scale controls on dissolved nitrous oxide in the Upper Mississippi RiverGeophysical Research Letters, 43: 4400-4407.

Griffis T,  J Wood, J Baker, X Lee, K Xiao, Z Chen, G Gorski, N Schultz, L Welp, M Chen, J Nieber (2016) Investigating the source, transport and isotope fractionation of water vapor in the planetary boundary layerAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16: 5139-5157.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, Cao F, M Lee (2016) Stable carbon isotopic compositions of low-molecular-weight dicarboxylic acids, oxocarboxylic acids, α-dicarbonyls, and fatty acids: Implications for atmospheric processing of organic aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres121: 3707-3717.

Aslan-Sungur G, X Lee, F Evrendilek, N Karakaya (2016) Large interannual variability in net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange of a disturbed temperate peatlandScience of the Total Environment, 554-555: 192-202.   

Wen X, B Yang, X Sun, X Lee (2016) Evapotranspiration partitioning through in-situ oxygen isotope measurements in an oasis croplandAgricultural and Forest Meteorology230-231: 89-96. 

Xiao W, X Wen, W Wang, Q Xiao, J Xu, C Cao, J Xu, C Hu, J Shen, S Liu, X Lee (2016) Spatial distribution and temporal variability of stable water isotopes in a large and shallow lakeIsotopes in Environmental & Health Studies52:443-454Online supplement Data access

Zhao L, X Lee, A Suyker, X Wen (2016) Influence of leaf area index on the radiometric resistance to heat transfer. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 105: 105-123.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, P Fu, K Suresh, W Tomomi, H Shiro, T Akinori, W Wang  (2016) Aircraft observations of water-soluble dicarboxylic acids in the aerosols over ChinaAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16: 6407-6419.


Zhang Y, Cao F (2015) Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in China at a city levelScientific Reports, 5: 14884.

Zheng J, D Yang, Y Ma, M Chen, J Cheng, S Li, Ming Wang (2015)  Development of a new corona discharge based ion source for high resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer to measure gaseous H2SO4 and aerosol sulfateAtmospheric Environment, 119: 167-173.

Turner P,  T Griffis, X Lee, J Baker, R Venterea, J Wood (2015) Indirect nitrous oxide emission from streams within the US Corn BeltProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112: 9839–9843.

Lee X, Z Gao, C Zhang, F Chen, Y Hu, W Jiang, S Liu, L Lu, J Sun, J Wang, Z Zeng, Q Zhang, M Zhao, M Zhou (2015) Priorities for boundary-layer meteorology research in ChinaBulletin of American Meteorological Society, 96: ES149-ES151.

Zhang Y, J Schnelle-Kreis, G Abbaszade, R Zimmermann, P Zotter, R Shen, K Schafer, L Shao, A Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Source apportionment of elemental carbon in Beijing, China: insights from radiocarbon and organic maker measurementsEnvironmental Science & Technology, 2015, 49: 8408-8415.

Zhang Y, M Cerqueira, G Salazar, P Zotter, C Hueglin, C Zellweger, C Pio, A Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Wet deposition of fossil and non-fossil derived particulate carbon: insights from radiocarbon meeasurementAtmospheric Environment, 115: 257-262.

Zhang Y, F Cao (2015) Is it time to tackle PM2.5 air pollutions in China from biomass-burning emissions? Environmental Pollution, 202: 217-219.

Hu Z, Q Xiao, J Yang, W Xiao, W Wang, S Liu, X Lee (2015) Temporal dynamics and regulation of ecosystem metabolism in a large subtropical shallow lake (Lake Taihu)International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12: 3691–3706.

Cao F, Y Zhang (2015) Tightening non-fossil emissions control: a potential opportunity for PM2.5 mitigation in ChinaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112 (12): E1402.

Zhang Y, R Huang, I Haddad, K Ho, J Cao, Y Han, P Zotter, C Bozzetti, K Daellenbach, F Canonaco, J Slowik, G Salazar, M Schwikowski, J Schnelle-Kreis, G Abbaszade, R Zimmermann, U Baltensperger, A Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Fossil vs. non-fossil sources of fine carbonaceous aerosols in four Chinese cities during the extreme winter haze episode in 2013Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15: 1299–1312. 

Zhang X, X Lee, T Griffis, A Andrews, J Baker, M Erickson, N Hu, W Xiao (2015) Quantifying nitrous oxide fluxes on multiple spatial scales in the Upper Midwest, USAInternational Journal of Biometeorology, 59: 299–310.

Cao F, S Zhang, K Kawamura, Y Zhang (2015) Inorganic markers, carbonaceous components and stable carbon isotope from biomass burning aerosols in Northeast ChinaScience of The Total Environment572: 1244-1251.


Zhao L, X Lee, R Smith, K Oleson (2014) Strong contributions of local background climate to urban heat islandsNature, 511: 216-219. Nature News & Views / Nature Geoscience News & Views / Yale News Release 

Lee X, S Liu, W Xiao, W Wang, Z Gao, C Cao, C Hu, Z Hu, S Shen, Y Wang, X Wen, Q Xiao, J Xu, J Yang, M Zhang (2014) The Taihu Eddy Flux Network: an observational program on energy, water, and greenhouse gas fluxes of a large freshwater lakeBulletin of American Meteorological Society, 95: 1583-1594. 

Xiao W, S Liu, H Li, Q Xiao, W Wang, Z Hu, C Hu, Y Gao, J Shen, X Zhao, M Zhang, X Lee (2014) A flux-gradient system for simultaneous measurement of the CH4, CO2 and H2O fluxes at a lake-air interfaceEnvironmental Science and Technology, 48: 14490−14498. Online supplement / Data access (readme / 86_MLW_2012_2014)

Zhang X, X Lee, T Griffis, J Baker, W Xiao (2014) Estimating regional greenhouse gas fluxes: An uncertainty analysis of planetary boundary layer techniques and bottom-up inventoriesAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14: 10705–10719. 

Hu N, J Hu, X Jiang, Z Lu, Y Peng, W Chen, K Yao, M Zhang, S Jia, X Pei, W Luo (2014) Establishment and optimization of a regionally applicable maize gene-flow modelTransgenic Research, 23: 795-807.

Santos E, C Wagner-Riddle, X Lee, J Warland, S Brown, R Staebler, P Bartlett, K Kim (2014) Temporal dynamics of oxygen isotope compositions of soil and canopy CO2 fluxes in a temperate deciduous forestJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 119: 996-1013. 

Shen S, D Yang,  W Xiao, S Liu, X Lee (2014) Constraining anthropogenic CH4 emission in Nanjing and the Yangtze River Delta, China using atmospheric CO2 and CH4 mixing ratios. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 31: 1343–1352.

Hu Z, X Wen, X Sun, L Li, G Yu, X Lee, S Li (2014) Partitioning evapotranspiration through oxygen isotopic measurements of water pools and fluxes in a temperate grasslandJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 119: 358-371.

Zhang M, X Lee, G Yu, S Han, H Wang, J Yan, Y Zhang, Y Li, T Ohta, T Hirano, J Kim, N Yoshifuji, W Wang (2014) Response of surface air temperature to small-scale land clearing across latitudesEnvironmental Research Letters, 9:034002. Online supplement / Enviromental Research Web news release 天际新闻

Wang W, W Xiao, C Cao, Z Gao, Z Hu, S Liu, S Shen, L Wang, Q Xiao, J Xu, D Yang, X Lee (2014) Temporal and spatial variations in radiation and energy balance across a large freshwater lake in ChinaJournal of Hydrology, 511: 811-824.

Zhang X, X Lee, T Griffis, J Baker, M Erickson, N Hu, W Xiao (2014) The influence of plants on atmospheric methane in an agriculture-dominated landscapeInternational Journal of Biometeorology, 58: 819-833.



Zhao L, X Lee, S Liu (2013) Correcting surface solar radiation of two data assimilation systems agasint FLUXNET observations in North AmericaJournal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118: 9992-9564.  Online supplement

Griffis T, X Lee, J Baker, M Russelle, X Zhang, R Venterea, D Millet (2013) Reconciling the differences between top-down and bottom-up estimates of nitrous oxide emissions for the US Corn BeltGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 27: 746-754.  Online supplement

Huang J, C Zhou, X Lee, Y Bao, X Zhao, J Fung, A Richter, X Liu (2013) Impact of rapid urbanization on seasonal changes in tropospheric nitrogen dioxide and ozone over East ChinaAtmospheric Environment, 77: 558-567.

Hu Z, H Ling, S Chen, S Shen, H Zhang, Y Sun (2013) Soil respiration, nitrification, and denitrification in a wheat farmland soil under different managementsCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44: 3092-3102.  

Xiao W, S Liu, W Wang, D Yang, J Xu, Chang Cao, H Li, X Lee (2013) Transfer coefficients of momentum, sensible heat and water vapour in the amtospheric surface layer of a large freshwater lakeBoundary-Layer Meteorology, 148: 479-494.

Wen X, Y Meng, X Zhang, X Sun, X Lee (2013) Evaluating calibration strategies for isotope ratio infrared spectroscopy for atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 measurementAtmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6: 1491-1501.

Deng B, S Liu, W Xiao, W Wang, J Jin, X Lee (2013) Evaluation of the CLM4 lake model at a large and shallow freshwater lakeJournal of Hydrometeorology, 14: 636-649. 

Hu Z, H Li, S Chen, Y Yang (2013) Chlorophyll content and photosystem efficiency in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] exposed to supplemental ultraviolet-B radiation. Photosynthetica, 51: 151-157. 

Hu Z, H Cui, S Chen, S Shen, H Li, Y Yang, C Li (2013) Soil respiration and N2O flux resposne to UV-B radiation and straw incorporation in a soybean-winter wheat rotation systemWater, Air and Soil Pollution, 224: 1394.



Welp L, X Lee, T Griffis, X Wen, W Xiao, S Li, X Sun, Z Hu, M Val Martin, J Huang (2012) A meta-analysis of water vapor deuterium-excess in the mid-latitude atmospheric surface layerGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 26: GB3021, doi:10.1029/2011GB004246  / Online supplement

Xiao W, X Lee, X Wen, X Sun, S Zhang (2012) Modeling biophysical controls on canopy foliage water 18O enrichment in wheat and cornGlobal Change Biology, 18: 1769-1780 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02648.x.  Online supplement

Lee X, J Huang, E Patton (2012) A large-eddy simulation study of water vapour and carbon dioxide isotopes in the atmospheric boundary layerBoundary-Layer Meteorology, 145: 229-248.  Online supplement

Wen X, X Lee, X Sun, J Wang, S Li, G Yu (2012) Inter-comparison of four commercial analyzers for water vapor isotope measurementJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29: 235-247.



Griffis T, X Lee, J Baker, K Billmark, N Schultz, M Erickson, X Zhang, J Fassbinder, W Xiao, N Hu (2011) Oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration and its relation to C4 photosynthetic discriminationJournal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 116, G01035, doi:10.1029/2010JG001514.



Lee X (2010) East and West at a crossroad: a commentary on China’s environmental regulation and resource useJournal of Resources and Ecology, 1: 87-93. 

Griffis T, S Sargent, X Lee, J Baker, J Greene, M Erickson, X Zhang, K Billmark, N Schultz, W Xiao, N Hu (2010) Determining the oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration using eddy covarianceBoundary-Layer Meteorology, 137: 307-326.

Xiao W, X Lee, T Griffis, K Kim, L Welp, Q Yu (2010) A modeling investigation of canopy-air oxygen isotopic exchange of water vapor and carbon dioxide in a soybean fieldJournal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 115: G01004, doi:10.1029/2009JG001163. 



Lee X (2009) Lectures on China’s Environment. Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Publication Series Report Number 20. order print copy