In R​eview

Chang Y, Z Zou, Y Zhang (2019) Multiple-Year-Observed (2014-2018) Changes in Atmospheric Particulate Vanadium Linked to China’s Shipping Emission Regulations, in review
Chang Y, Y Zhang, L Song, D Liu, B Yang, WW Walters, Y Fang (2019) Small-Scale Studies of Vehicle-Emitted NH3 Reveal Extreme Ranges of Stable Nitrogen Isotope Signatures, in review
Chang Y, S Shao, Z Zou, Y Zhang (2019) Measurements of atmospheric NH3 in urban China may be significantly affected by septic tank emissions from ceiling ducts, in review
Zhang M, G Yu, J Zhuang, S Koirala, R Gentry, L Zhang, X Sun, S Han, J Yan, X Wen, Q Wang (2019) Multi-temporal Analysis of Variations in Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 and its Environmental Controls in Forest Ecosystems, in review


Zhang W, Y Zhang, F Cao, Y Xiang, Y Zhang, M Bao, X Liu, Y Lin (2019) High time-resolved measurement of stable carbon isotope composition in water-soluble organic aerosols: method optimization and a case study during winter haze in eastern China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19, 11071-11087.

Chang Y, Z Zou,  Y Zhang, C Deng, J Hu, Z Shi, AJ Dore, JL Collect Jr. (2019) Assessing contributions of agricultural and non-agricultural emissions to atmospheric ammonia in a Chinese megacityEnvironmental Science & Technology, 53, 1822-1833.

Wang Y, Q Ma, Y Gao, X Hao, S Liu (2019)  Simulation of the Surface Energy Flux and Thermal Stratification of Lake Taihu with Three 1-D Models. Water11, 1026; doi:10.3390/w11051026.

Wei Z, X Lee (2019) The utility of near-surface water vapor deuterium excess as an indicator of atmospheric moisture source. Journal of Hydrology, in press.

Fan M, Y Zhang, Y Lin, Y Chang, F Cao, W Zhang, Y Hu, M Bao, X Liu, X Zhai, X Lin, Z Zhao, W Song (2019) Isotope-based source apportionment of nitrogen-containing aerosols: A case study in an industrial city in ChinaAtmospheric Environment, 212, 96-105.

Yang Y, X Lee (2019) Four-band Thermal Mosaicking: A New Method to Process Infrared Thermal Imagery of Urban Landscapes from UAV FlightsRemote Sensing, 11, 1365; doi:10.3390/rs11111365.

Zhao J, M Zhang, W Xiao, W Wang, Z Zhang, Z Yu, Q Xiao, Z Cao, J Xu, X Zhang, S Liu, X Lee (2019) An evaluation of the flux-gradient and the eddy covariance method to measure CH4, CO2, and H2O fluxes from small pondsAgricultural and Forest Meteorology, 275, 255-264. Online supplement

Zhang X, J Huang, G Li, Y Wang, C Liu, K Zhao, X Tao, X Hu, X Lee (2019) Improving lake-breeze simulation with WRF  nested LES and lake-model over a large shallow lake. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, in press.

Wang L, X Lee, D Feng, C Fu, Z Wei, Y Yang, Y Yin, Y Luo, G Lin (2019) Impact of large-scale afforestation on surface temperature: a case study in the Kubuqi Desert, Inner Mongolia based on the WRF model. Forests, in press.

Xiao Q, Z Hu, C Fu, H Bian, X Lee, S Chen, D Shang (2019) Surface nitrous oxide concentrations and fluxes from water bodies of the agricultural watershed in Eastern ChinaEnvironmental Pollution, 251, 185-192.

Hu C, TJ Griffis, S Liu, W Xiao, N Hu, W Huang, D Yang, X Lee (2019) Anthropogenic methane emission and its partitioning for the Yangtze River Delta region of China. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, in press.

Zhang M, Q Xiao, Z Zhang, Y Gao, J Zhao, Y Pu, W Wang, W Xiao, S Liu, X Lee (2019) Methane flux dynamics in a submerged aquatic vegetation zone in a subtropical lakeScience of the Total Environment, 672, 400-409.

Huang W, W Xiao, M Zhang, W Wang, J Xu, Y Hu, C Hu, S Liu, X Lee (2019) Anthropogenic CH4 Emissions in the Yangtze River Delta Based on a “Top-down” MethodAtmosphere, 10(4), 185; doi:10.3390/atmos10040185.

Liu C, E Fedorovich, J Huang, X Hu, Y Wang, X Lee  (2019) Impact of aerosol shortwave radiative heating on the entrainment in atmospheric convective boundary layer: a large-eddy simulation studyJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76, 785-799.

Chang Y, Y Zhang, J Li, C Tian, L Song, X Zhai, W Zhang, T Huang, Y Lin, C Zhu, Y Fang, MF Lehmann, J Chen  (2019) Isotopic constraints on the atmospheric sources and formation of nitrogenous species in clouds influenced by biomass burningAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19, 12221-12234.

Wei Z, X Lee, F Aemisegger, M Benetti, M Berkelhammer, M Casado, K Caylor, E Christner, D Christoph, O Garcia, Y González, T Griffis, N Kurita, J Liang, M Liang, G Lin, D Noone, K Gribanov, N Munksgaard, M Schneider, F Ritter, H Steen-Larsen, CV Coulomb, X Wen, JS Wright, W Xiao, K Yoshimura (2019) A global database of water vapor isotopes measured with high temporal resolution infrared laser spectroscopyScientific Data, 6, 180302.

Qu B, Y Zhang, S Kang, M Sillanpää (2019) Water quality in the Tibetan Plateau: Major ions and trace elements in riverof the “Water Tower of Asia”. Science of The Total Environment, 649(1): 571-581.

Xiao Q, X Xu, M Zhang, H Duan, Z Hu, W Wang, W Xiao, X Lee (2019) Coregulations of nitrous oxide emissions by nitrogen and temperature in China’s third largest freshwater lake (Lake Taihu)Limnology and Oceanography, in press.

Zhao K, Y Bao, J Huang, Y Wu, F Moshary, M Arend, Y Wang, X Lee (2019) A high-resolution modeling study of a heat wave-driven ozone exceedance event in New York City and surrounding regionsAtmospheric Environment, 199, 368-379.

Liu X, Y Zhang, Y Peng, L Xu, C Zhu, F Cao, X Zhai, M Haque, C Yang, Y Chang, T Huang, Z Xu, M Bao, W Zhang, M Fan,  X Lee (2019) Chemical and optical properties of carbonaceous aerosols in Nanjing, eastern China: regionally transported biomass burning contribution. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19, 11213-11233.

Shao L, G Li, Q Zhao, Y Li, Y Sun, W Wang, C Cai, W Chen, R Liu, W Luo, X Yin, X Lee (2019) The fertilization effect of global dimming on crop yields is not attributed to an improved light interception. Global Change Biology, in press


Wang W, X Lee, W Xiao, S Liu, N Schultz, Y Wang, M Zhang, L Zhao (2018) Global lake evaporation accelerated by changes in surface energy allocation in a warmer climate. Nature Geoscience  11: 410-414.

Fu C, Q Zhu, G Yang, Q Xiao, Z Wei, X Xiao (2018) Influences of Extreme Weather Conditions on the Carbon Cycles of Bamboo and Tea Ecosystems. Forests, 9(10): 629.

Cao C, X Lee, J Muhlhausen, L Bonneau, J Xu (2018) Measuring landscape albedo using unmanned aerial vehiclesRemote Sensing, 10, 1812; doi: 10.3390/rs10111812.

Lin Y, S Hsu, C Lin, S Lin, Y Huang, Y Chang, Y Zhang (2018) Enhancements of airborne particulate arsenic over the subtropical free troposphere: impact of southern Asian biomass burning. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18: 13865-13879.

Yan F, M Sillanpää, S Kang, KS Aho, B Qu, D Wei, X Li, C Li, PA Raymond (2018) Lakes on the Tibetan Plateau as conduits of greenhouse gases to the atmosphereJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123, doi: 10.1029/2017JG004379.

Wei Z, X Lee, EG Patton (2018) ISOLESC: A coupled Isotope-LSM–LES-Cloud modeling system to investigate the water budget in the atmospheric boundary layerJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10, 2589-2617.

Xiao W, Z Wei, X Wen (2018) Evapotranspiration partitioning at the ecosystem scale using the stable isotope method - A reviewAgricultural and Forest Meteorology, 263: 346-361.

Liu C, J Huang, E Fedorovich, X Hu, Y Wang, X Lee  (2018) The effect of aerosol radiative heating on turbulence statistics and spectra in the atmospheric convective boundary layer: a large-eddy simulation studyAtmosphere9(9), 347, doi: 10.3390/atmos9090347.

Xiao W, Y Qian, X Lee, W Wang, M Zhang, X Wen, S Liu, Y Hu, C Xie, Z Zhang, X Zhang, X Zhao, F Zhang (2018) Hydrologic implications of the isotopic kinetic fractionation of open-water evaporation. SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences61: 1523-1532, doi: 10.1007/s11430-018-9246-9.

Hu N,  S Liu, Y Gao, J Xu, X Zhang, Z Zhang, X Lee (2018) Large methane emissions from natural gas vehicles in Chinese cities. Atmospheric Environment, 187: 374-380.

Hu C, S Liu, Y Wang,  M Zhang, W Xiao, W Wang, J Xu (2018) Anthropogenic CO2 emissions from a megacity in the Yangtze River Delta of ChinaEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research, 25: 23157-23169.

Liu C, E Fedorovich, J Huang (2018) Revisiting entrainment relationships for shear-free and sheared convective boundary layers through large-eddy simulations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 144: 2182-2195.

Chang Y, Y Zhang, C Tian, S Zhang, X Ma, F Cao, X Liu, W Zhang, T Kuhn, MF Lehmann (2018) Nitrogen isotope fractionation during gas-particle conversion of NOx to NO3- in the atmosphere – implications for isotope-based NOx source apportionmentAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18, 11647-11661.

Fu C, X Lee, TJ Griffis, G Wang, Z Wei (2018) Influences of root hydraulic redistribution on N2O emissions at AmeriFlux sitesGeophysical Research Letters, 45: 5135-5143.

Fu C, X Lee, TJ GriffisJM Baker, PA Turner (2018) A modeling study of direct and indirect N2O emissions from a representative catchment in the U.S. Corn BeltWater Resources Research, 54: 3632-3653.

Hu C, TJ Griffis, X Lee, DB Millet, Z Chen, J Baker, K Xiao (2018) Top-down constraints on anthropogenic CO2 emissions within an agricultural-urban landscapeJournal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 123: 4674-4694.

Xiao K, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, PV Bolstad, MD Erickson,  X Lee, JD Wood, C Hu, JL Nieber (2018) Evaporation from a temperate closed-basin lake and its impact on present, past,  and future water levelJournal of Hydrology, 561: 59-75.

Gao Y, X Lee, S Liu, N Hu, X Wei, C Hu, C Liu, Z Zhang, Y Yang (2018)  Spatiotemporal variability of the near-surface CO2 concentration across an industrial-urban-rural transect, Nanjing, ChinaScience of the Total Environment, 631-632: 1192-1200.

Wei Z, X Lee, Z Liu, U Seeboonruang, M Koike, K Yoshimura (2018) Influences of large-scale convection and moisture source on monthly precipitation isotope ratios observed in Thailand, Southeast AsiaEarth and Planetary Science Letters, 488: 181-192. Online supplement

Wei Z, X Lee, X Wen, W Xiao (2018) Evapotranspiration partitioning for three agro-ecosystems with contrasting moisture conditions: a comparison of an isotope method and a two-source model calculation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 252, 296-310. Online supplement

Wang L, X Lee, N Schultz, S Chen, Z Wei, C Fu, Y Gao, Y Yang, G Lin (2018)  Response of surface temperature to afforestation in the Kubuqi Desert, Inner Mongolia. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 123, 948-964. Online supplement

Yang Y, Y Wang, Z Zhang, W Wang, X Ren, Y GaoLiu, X Lee (2018) Diurnal and seasonal variations of thermal stratification and vertical mixing in a shallow fresh water lakeJournal of Meteorological Research, 32(2): 219-232.

Chang Y, Huang, M Xie, Deng, Z Zou, S Liu, Y Zhang (2018) First long-term and near real-time measurement of trace elements in China’s urban atmosphere: temporal variability, source apportionment and precipitation effectAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18: 11793-11812.

Zhou Y, Q Xiao, X Yao, Y Zhang, M Zhang, K Shi, X Lee, D Podgorski, B Qin, RGM Spencer, E Jeppesen (2018) Accumulation of terrestrial dissolved organic matter potentially enhances dissolved methane levels in eutrophic Lake Taihu, ChinaEnvironmental Science & Technology, 52, 10297-10306.

Chen Y, X Ge, H Chen, X Xie, Y Chen, J Wang, Z Ye, M Bao, Y Zhang, M Chen  (2018) Seasonal light absorption properties of water-soluble brown carbon in atmospheric fine particles in Nanjing, ChinaAtmospheric Environment, 187, 230-240.

Zhang Y, I El-Haddad, R Huang, K Ho, J Cao, Y Han, P Zotter, C Bozzetti, K Daellenbach , J Slowik, G Salazar, A Prévôt, S Szidat (2018) Large contribution of fossil-fuel derived secondary organic carbon to water-soluble organic aerosols in winter haze of ChinaAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18, 4005-4017.


Cao F, Y Zhang, L Ren, J Liu, J Li, G Zhang, D Liu, Y Sun, Z Wang, Z Shi, P Fu (2017) New insights into the sources and formation of carbonaceous aerosols in China: potential applications of dual-carbon isotopes. National Science Review, 4(6): 804-806.

Qu B, K Aho, C Li, S Kang, M Sillanpää, F Yan, P Raymond (2017) Greenhouse gases emissions in rivers of the Tibetan PlateauScientific Reports, 7: 16573.

Zhang Y, H Ren, Y Sun,  F Cao, Y Chang,  S Liu,  X Lee, K Agrios, K Kawamura, D Liu, L Ren,  W Du, Z Wang, A  Prevot, S Szidat, P Fu (2017) High contribution of non-fossil sources to sub-micron organic aerosols in Beijing, China. Environmental Science and Technology51, 7842-7852.

Zhao L, X Lee, N Schultz (2017) A wedge strategy for mitigation of urban warming in future climate scenarios. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics17, 9067-9080. Online supplement

Fu C, X Lee, TJ Griffis, EJ Dlugokencky, AE Andrews (2017) Investigation of the N2O emission strength in the U. S. Corn BeltAtmospheric Research, 194: 66-77.

Schultz N, P Lawrence, X Lee (2017) Global satellite data highlights the diurnal asymmetry of the surface temperature response to deforestationJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 122, 903-917, doi: 10.1002/2016JG003653. | EOS Research Spotlight

Wei Z, K Yoshimura, L Wang, D Miralles, S Jasechko, X Lee (2017) Revisiting the contribution of transpiration to global terrestrial evapotranspirationGeophysical Research Letters, 44, 2792-2801, doi: 10.1002/2016GL072235.

Xu J, X Lee, W Xiao, C Cao, S Liu, X Wen, J Xu, Z Zhang, J Zhao (2017) Interpreting the 13C/12C ratio of carbon dioxide in an urban airshed in the Yangtze River Delta, ChinaAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17: 3385-3399. Online supplement / Data access

Wang K, S Jiang, J Wang, C Zhou, X Wang, X Lee (2017) Comparing the diurnal and seasonal variabilities of atmospheric and surface urban heat islands based on the Beijing urban meteorological networkJournal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 122, 2131-2154, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025304.

Bao M, F Cao, Y Chang, Y Zhang, Y Gao, X Liu, Y Zhang, W Zhang, T Tang, S Liu, X Lee, J Li, G Zhang (2017) Characteristics and origins of air pollutants and carbonaceous aerosols during wintertime haze episodes at a rural site in the Yangtze River Delta, ChinaAtmospheric Pollution Research, 8, 900-911.

Wang Y, Y Gao, H Qin, J Huang, C Liu, C Hu, W Wang, S Liu, X Lee (2017) Spatiotemporal characteristics of lake breezes over Lake Taihu, ChinaJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56(7): 2053-2065.

Xiao Q, M Zhang, Z Hu, Y Gao, C Hu, C Liu, S Liu, Z Zhang, J Zhao, W Xiao, X Lee (2017) Spatial variations of methane emission in a large shallow eutrophic lake in subtropical climateJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 122, 1597-1614, doi: 10.1002/2017JG003805. Online supplement / Editor’s Highlight

Hu C, Y Wang, W Wang, S Liu, M Piao, W Xiao, X Lee (2017) Trends in evaporation of a large subtropical lakeTheoretical and Applied Climatology, 129: 159-170.

Chang Y, C Deng, F Cao, C Cao, Z Zou, S Liu, X Lee, J Li, G Zhang, Y Zhang (2017) Assessment of carbonaceous aerosols in Shanghai, China-Part 1: Long-term evolution, seasonal variations and meteorological effectsAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 9945-9964 .

Cao F, S Zhang, K Kawamura, X Liu, C Yang, Z Xu, M Fan, W Zhang, M Bao, Y Chang, W Song, S Liu, X Lee, J Li, G Zhang, Y Zhang (2017) Chemical characteristics of dicarboxylic acids and related organic compounds in PM2.5 during biomass-burning and non-biomass-burning  seasons at a rural site of Northeast China. Environmental Pollution, 231: 654-662.

Chen S, Z Guo, Z Guo, Q Guo, Y Zhang, B Zhu, H Zhang (2017) Sulfur isotopic fractionation and its implication: Sulfate formation in PM2.5 and coal combustion under different conditionsAtmospheric Research, 194: 142-149.

Lu S,  C Yang, M Nie (2017) Hydrothermal synthesized urchin-like nickel-cobalt carbonate hollow spheres for sensitive amperometric detection of nitrite.  Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 708: 780-786.

Liu H, L Weng, C Yang (2017) A review on nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors for H2O2, H2S and  NO inside cells or released by cellsMicrochimica ActaDOI 10.1007/s00604-017-2179-2.

Wang L, X Lee, W Wang, X Wang, Z Wei, C Fu, Y Gao, L Lu, W Song, P Su, G Lin (2017) A meta-analysis of open-path eddy covariance observations of apparent CO2 flux in cold conditions in the FLUXNET networkJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34(11):2475–2487 . Online supplement

Griffis T, Z Chen, J Baker, J Wood, D Millet, X Lee, R Venterea, P Turner (2017) Nitrous oxide emissions are enhanced in a warmer and wetter worldProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114: 12081-12085.

Xiao W,  X Lee, Y Hu, S Liu, W Wang, X Wen, M Werner, C Xie (2017) An experimental investigation of kinetic fractionation of open-water evaporation over a large lakeJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres122, 11651–11663, doi: 10.1002/2017JD026774.



Cao C, X Lee, S Liu, N Schultz, W Xiao, M Zhang, L Zhao (2016) Urban heat islands in China enhanced by haze pollutionNature Communications, 7: 12509, doi: 10.1038/ncomms12509. Yale News United Press International

Chang Y and Ma H (2016) Comment on “Fossil Fuel Combustion-Related Emissions Dominate Atmospheric Ammonia Sources during Severe Haze Episodes: Evidence from 15N‑Stable Isotope in Size-Resolved Aerosol Ammonium”. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(19): 10765-10766.

Wang W, J Xu, Y Gao, I Bogoev, J Cui, L Deng, C Hu, C Liu, S Liu, J Shen, X Sun, W Xiao, G Yuan, X Lee (2016) Performance evaluation of an integrated open-path eddy covariance system in a cold desert environmentJournal of Atmopspheric and Oceanic Technology, 33: 2385–2399, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0149.1. Online supplement.

Chen Z, T Griffis, D Millet, J Wood, X Lee, J Baker, K Xiao, P Turner, M Chen, J Zobitz (2016) Partitioning N2O emissions within the US Corn Belt using an inverse modeling approachGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 30:1192-1205, doi:10.1002/2015GB00531.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, K Agrios, M Lee, G Salazar, S Szidat (2016) Fossil and Non-Fossil Sources of Organic and Elemental Carbon Aerosols in the Outflow from Northeast ChinaEnvironmental Science & Technology50(12): 6284-6292.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, T Watanabe, S Hatakeyama, A Takami, W Wang (2016) New directions: Need for better understanding of source and formation process of phthalic acid in aerosols as inferred from aircraft observations over China Atmospheric Environment, 140: 147-149.

Schultz N, X Lee, P Lawrence, D Lawrence, L Zhao (2016) Assessing the use of sub-grid land model output to study impacts of land cover changeJournal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 121: 6133-6147.

Turner P, T Griffis, J Baker, X Lee, J Crawford, L Loken, R Venterea (2016) Regional-scale controls on dissolved nitrous oxide in the Upper Mississippi RiverGeophysical Research Letters, 43: 4400-4407.

Griffis T,  J Wood, J Baker, X Lee, K Xiao, Z Chen, G Gorski, N Schultz, L Welp, M Chen, J Nieber (2016) Investigating the source, transport and isotope fractionation of water vapor in the planetary boundary layerAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16: 5139-5157.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, Cao F, M Lee (2016) Stable carbon isotopic compositions of low-molecular-weight dicarboxylic acids, oxocarboxylic acids, α-dicarbonyls, and fatty acids: Implications for atmospheric processing of organic aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres121: 3707-3717.

Aslan-Sungur G, X Lee, F Evrendilek, N Karakaya (2016) Large interannual variability in net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange of a disturbed temperate peatlandScience of the Total Environment, 554-555: 192-202.   

Wen X, B Yang, X Sun, X Lee (2016) Evapotranspiration partitioning through in-situ oxygen isotope measurements in an oasis croplandAgricultural and Forest Meteorology230-231: 89-96. 

Xiao W, X Wen, W Wang, Q Xiao, J Xu, C Cao, J Xu, C Hu, J Shen, S Liu, X Lee (2016) Spatial distribution and temporal variability of stable water isotopes in a large and shallow lakeIsotopes in Environmental & Health Studies52:443-454Online supplement Data access

Zhao L, X Lee, A Suyker, X Wen (2016) Influence of leaf area index on the radiometric resistance to heat transfer. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 105: 105-123.

Zhang Y, K Kawamura, P Fu, K Suresh, W Tomomi, H Shiro, T Akinori, W Wang  (2016) Aircraft observations of water-soluble dicarboxylic acids in the aerosols over ChinaAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16: 6407-6419.


Zhang Y, Cao F (2015) Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in China at a city levelScientific Reports, 5: 14884.

Zheng J, D Yang, Y Ma, M Chen, J Cheng, S Li, Ming Wang (2015)  Development of a new corona discharge based ion source for high resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer to measure gaseous H2SO4 and aerosol sulfateAtmospheric Environment, 119: 167-173.

Turner P,  T Griffis, X Lee, J Baker, R Venterea, J Wood (2015) Indirect nitrous oxide emission from streams within the US Corn BeltProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112: 9839–9843.

Lee X, Z Gao, C Zhang, F Chen, Y Hu, W Jiang, S Liu, L Lu, J Sun, J Wang, Z Zeng, Q Zhang, M Zhao, M Zhou (2015) Priorities for boundary-layer meteorology research in ChinaBulletin of American Meteorological Society, 96: ES149-ES151.

Zhang Y, J Schnelle-Kreis, G Abbaszade, R Zimmermann, P Zotter, R Shen, K Schafer, L Shao, A Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Source apportionment of elemental carbon in Beijing, China: insights from radiocarbon and organic maker measurementsEnvironmental Science & Technology, 2015, 49: 8408-8415.

Zhang Y, M Cerqueira, G Salazar, P Zotter, C Hueglin, C Zellweger, C Pio, A Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Wet deposition of fossil and non-fossil derived particulate carbon: insights from radiocarbon meeasurementAtmospheric Environment, 115: 257-262.

Zhang Y, F Cao (2015) Is it time to tackle PM2.5 air pollutions in China from biomass-burning emissions? Environmental Pollution, 202: 217-219.

Hu Z, Q Xiao, J Yang, W Xiao, W Wang, S Liu, X Lee (2015) Temporal dynamics and regulation of ecosystem metabolism in a large subtropical shallow lake (Lake Taihu)International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12: 3691–3706.

Cao F, Y Zhang (2015) Tightening non-fossil emissions control: a potential opportunity for PM2.5 mitigation in ChinaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112 (12): E1402.

Zhang Y, R Huang, I Haddad, K Ho, J Cao, Y Han, P Zotter, C Bozzetti, K Daellenbach, F Canonaco, J Slowik, G Salazar, M Schwikowski, J Schnelle-Kreis, G Abbaszade, R Zimmermann, U Baltensperger, A Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Fossil vs. non-fossil sources of fine carbonaceous aerosols in four Chinese cities during the extreme winter haze episode in 2013Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15: 1299–1312. 

Zhang X, X Lee, T Griffis, A Andrews, J Baker, M Erickson, N Hu, W Xiao (2015) Quantifying nitrous oxide fluxes on multiple spatial scales in the Upper Midwest, USAInternational Journal of Biometeorology, 59: 299–310.

Cao F, S Zhang, K Kawamura, Y Zhang (2015) Inorganic markers, carbonaceous components and stable carbon isotope from biomass burning aerosols in Northeast ChinaScience of The Total Environment572: 1244-1251.


Zhao L, X Lee, R Smith, K Oleson (2014) Strong contributions of local background climate to urban heat islandsNature, 511: 216-219. Nature News & Views / Nature Geoscience News & Views / Yale News Release / LA Times / USA Today / Business Insider

Lee X, S Liu, W Xiao, W Wang, Z Gao, C Cao, C Hu, Z Hu, S Shen, Y Wang, X Wen, Q Xiao, J Xu, J Yang, M Zhang (2014) The Taihu Eddy Flux Network: an observational program on energy, water, and greenhouse gas fluxes of a large freshwater lakeBulletin of American Meteorological Society, 95: 1583-1594. 

Xiao W, S Liu, H Li, Q Xiao, W Wang, Z Hu, C Hu, Y Gao, J Shen, X Zhao, M Zhang, X Lee (2014) A flux-gradient system for simultaneous measurement of the CH4, CO2 and H2O fluxes at a lake-air interfaceEnvironmental Science and Technology, 48: 14490−14498. Online supplement / Data access (readme / 86_MLW_2012_2014)

Zhang X, X Lee, T Griffis, J Baker, W Xiao (2014) Estimating regional greenhouse gas fluxes: An uncertainty analysis of planetary boundary layer techniques and bottom-up inventoriesAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14: 10705–10719. 

Hu N, J Hu, X Jiang, Z Lu, Y Peng, W Chen, K Yao, M Zhang, S Jia, X Pei, W Luo (2014) Establishment and optimization of a regionally applicable maize gene-flow modelTransgenic Research, 23: 795-807.

Santos E, C Wagner-Riddle, X Lee, J Warland, S Brown, R Staebler, P Bartlett, K Kim (2014) Temporal dynamics of oxygen isotope compositions of soil and canopy CO2 fluxes in a temperate deciduous forestJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 119: 996-1013. 

Shen S, D Yang,  W Xiao, S Liu, X Lee (2014) Constraining anthropogenic CH4 emission in Nanjing and the Yangtze River Delta, China using atmospheric CO2 and CH4 mixing ratios. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 31: 1343–1352.

Hu Z, X Wen, X Sun, L Li, G Yu, X Lee, S Li (2014) Partitioning evapotranspiration through oxygen isotopic measurements of water pools and fluxes in a temperate grasslandJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 119: 358-371.

Zhang M, X Lee, G Yu, S Han, H Wang, J Yan, Y Zhang, Y Li, T Ohta, T Hirano, J Kim, N Yoshifuji, W Wang (2014) Response of surface air temperature to small-scale land clearing across latitudesEnvironmental Research Letters, 9:034002. Online supplement / Enviromental Research Web news release 天际新闻

Wang W, W Xiao, C Cao, Z Gao, Z Hu, S Liu, S Shen, L Wang, Q Xiao, J Xu, D Yang, X Lee (2014) Temporal and spatial variations in radiation and energy balance across a large freshwater lake in ChinaJournal of Hydrology, 511: 811-824.

Zhang X, X Lee, T Griffis, J Baker, M Erickson, N Hu, W Xiao (2014) The influence of plants on atmospheric methane in an agriculture-dominated landscapeInternational Journal of Biometeorology, 58: 819-833.



Zhao L, X Lee, S Liu (2013) Correcting surface solar radiation of two data assimilation systems agasint FLUXNET observations in North AmericaJournal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118: 9992-9564.  Online supplement

Griffis T, X Lee, J Baker, M Russelle, X Zhang, R Venterea, D Millet (2013) Reconciling the differences between top-down and bottom-up estimates of nitrous oxide emissions for the US Corn BeltGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 27: 746-754.  Online supplement

Huang J, C Zhou, X Lee, Y Bao, X Zhao, J Fung, A Richter, X Liu (2013) Impact of rapid urbanization on seasonal changes in tropospheric nitrogen dioxide and ozone over East ChinaAtmospheric Environment, 77: 558-567.

Hu Z, H Ling, S Chen, S Shen, H Zhang, Y Sun (2013) Soil respiration, nitrification, and denitrification in a wheat farmland soil under different managementsCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44: 3092-3102.  

Xiao W, S Liu, W Wang, D Yang, J Xu, Chang Cao, H Li, X Lee (2013) Transfer coefficients of momentum, sensible heat and water vapour in the amtospheric surface layer of a large freshwater lakeBoundary-Layer Meteorology, 148: 479-494.

Wen X, Y Meng, X Zhang, X Sun, X Lee (2013) Evaluating calibration strategies for isotope ratio infrared spectroscopy for atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 measurementAtmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6: 1491-1501.

Deng B, S Liu, W Xiao, W Wang, J Jin, X Lee (2013) Evaluation of the CLM4 lake model at a large and shallow freshwater lakeJournal of Hydrometeorology, 14: 636-649. 

Hu Z, H Li, S Chen, Y Yang (2013) Chlorophyll content and photosystem efficiency in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] exposed to supplemental ultraviolet-B radiation. Photosynthetica, 51: 151-157. 

Hu Z, H Cui, S Chen, S Shen, H Li, Y Yang, C Li (2013) Soil respiration and N2O flux resposne to UV-B radiation and straw incorporation in a soybean-winter wheat rotation systemWater, Air and Soil Pollution, 224: 1394.



Welp L, X Lee, T Griffis, X Wen, W Xiao, S Li, X Sun, Z Hu, M Val Martin, J Huang (2012) A meta-analysis of water vapor deuterium-excess in the mid-latitude atmospheric surface layerGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 26: GB3021, doi:10.1029/2011GB004246  / Online supplement

Xiao W, X Lee, X Wen, X Sun, S Zhang (2012) Modeling biophysical controls on canopy foliage water 18O enrichment in wheat and cornGlobal Change Biology, 18: 1769-1780 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02648.x.  Online supplement

Lee X, J Huang, E Patton (2012) A large-eddy simulation study of water vapour and carbon dioxide isotopes in the atmospheric boundary layerBoundary-Layer Meteorology, 145: 229-248.  Online supplement

Wen X, X Lee, X Sun, J Wang, S Li, G Yu (2012) Inter-comparison of four commercial analyzers for water vapor isotope measurementJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29: 235-247.



Griffis T, X Lee, J Baker, K Billmark, N Schultz, M Erickson, X Zhang, J Fassbinder, W Xiao, N Hu (2011) Oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration and its relation to C4 photosynthetic discriminationJournal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 116, G01035, doi:10.1029/2010JG001514.



Lee X (2010) East and West at a crossroad: a commentary on China’s environmental regulation and resource useJournal of Resources and Ecology, 1: 87-93. 

Griffis T, S Sargent, X Lee, J Baker, J Greene, M Erickson, X Zhang, K Billmark, N Schultz, W Xiao, N Hu (2010) Determining the oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration using eddy covarianceBoundary-Layer Meteorology, 137: 307-326.

Xiao W, X Lee, T Griffis, K Kim, L Welp, Q Yu (2010) A modeling investigation of canopy-air oxygen isotopic exchange of water vapor and carbon dioxide in a soybean fieldJournal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 115: G01004, doi:10.1029/2009JG001163. 



Lee X (2009) Lectures on China’s Environment. Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Publication Series Report Number 20. order print copy