Publications

In Review

Zhao L, X Lee, N Schultz (2017) A wedge strategy for mitigation of urban warming in future climate scenarios. In review

 

2017

Fu C, X Lee, TJ Griffis, EJ Dlugokencky, AE Andrews (2017) Investigation of the N2O emission strength in the U. S. Corn Belt. Atmospheric Research, 194: 66-77.

Schultz N, P Lawrence, X Lee (2017) Global satellite data highlights the diurnal asymmetry of the surface temperature response to deforestation. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, DOI: 10.1002/2016JG003653. | EOS Research Spotlight

Wei Z, K Yoshimura, L Wang, D Miralles, S Jasechko, X Lee (2017) Revisiting the contribution of transpiration to global terrestrial evapotranspiration. Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL072235.

Xu JP, X Lee, W Xiao, C Cao, S Liu, X Wen, JZ Xu, Z Zhang, J Zhao (2017) Interpreting the 13C/12C ratio of carbon dioxide in an urban airshed in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17: 3385-3399. online supplement / data access

Wang K, S Jiang, J Wang, C Zhou, X Wang, X Lee (2017) Comparing the diurnal and seasonal variabilities of atmospheric and surface urban heat islands based on the Beijing urban meteorological network. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, DOI:10.1002/2016JD025304. 

Bao MY, F Cao, YH Chang, YL Zhang, YQ Gao, XY Liu, YY Zhang, WQ Zhang, TR Tang, SD Liu, X Lee, J Li, G Zhang (2017) Characteristics and origins of air pollutants and carbonaceous aerosols during wintertime haze episodes at a rural site in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Atmospheric Polllution Research, in press.

Wang Y, Y Gao, H Qin, J Huang, C Liu, C Hu, W Wang, S Liu, X Lee (2017) Spatiotemporal characteristics of lake breezes over Lake Taihu, China. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, in press.

Xiao Q, M Zhang, Z Hu, Y Gao, C Hu, C Liu, S Liu, Z Zhang, J Zhao, X Xiao, X Lee (2017) Spatial variations of methane emission in a large shallow eutrophic lake in subtropical climateJournal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, in pressonline supplement

Hu C, Y Wang, W Wang, S Liu, M Piao, W Xiao, X Lee (2017) Trends in evaporation of a large subtropical lakeTheoretical and Applied Climatology, 129: 159-170.

 

2016

Cao C, X Lee, S Liu, N Schultz, W Xiao, M Zhang, L Zhao (2016) Urban heat islands in China enhanced by haze pollution. Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12509. Yale News United Press International | Nature article on collaboration

Chang Y and Ma H (2016) Comment on "Fossil Fuel Combustion-Related Emissions Dominate Atmospheric Ammonia Sources during Severe Haze Episodes: Evidence from 15N‑Stable Isotope in Size-Resolved Aerosol Ammonium"Environmental Science & Technology, 50(19): 10765-10766.

Wang W, JP Xu, Y Gao, I Bogoev, J Cui, L Deng, C Hu, C Liu, S Liu, J Shen, X Sun, W Xiao, G Yuan, X Lee (2016) Performance evaluation of an integrated open-path eddy covariance system in a cold desert environment. Journal of Atmopspheric and Oceanic Technology, 33: 2385–2399, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0149.1. Online supplement.

Chen Z, TJ Griffis, DB Millet, J Wood, X Lee, JM Baker, K Xiao, P Turner, M Chen, J Zobitz (2016) Partitioning N2O emissions within the US Corn Belt using an inverse modeling approach. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 30: 1192–1205, doi:10.1002/2015GB00531.

Zhang YL, K Kawamura, K Agrios, M Lee, G Salazar, S Szidat (2016) Fossil and Non-Fossil Sources of Organic and Elemental Carbon Aerosols in the Outflow from Northeast ChinaEnvironmental Science & Technology, 50(12): 6284-6292.

Zhang YL, K Kawamura, T Watanabe, S Hatakeyama, A Takami, W Wang (2016) New directions: Need for better understanding of source and formation process of phthalic acid in aerosols as inferred from aircraft observations over China. Atmospheric Environment, 140: 147-149.

Schultz NM, X Lee, PJ Lawrence, DM Lawrence, L Zhao (2016) Assessing the use of sub-grid land model output to study impacts of land cover change. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 121: 6133-6147.

Turner PA, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, X Lee, JT Crawford, LC Loken, RT Venterea (2016) Regional-scale controls on dissolved nitrous oxide in the Upper Mississippi River. Geophysical Research Letters 43: 4400–4407.

Griffis TJ,  JD Wood, JM Baker, X Lee, K Xiao, Z Chen, G Gorski, N Schultz, L Welp, M Chen, J Nieber (2016) Investigating the source, transport and isotope fractionation of water vapor in the planetary boundary layer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16: 5139–5157.

Zhang YL, K Kawamura, Cao F, M Lee (2016) Stable carbon isotopic compositions of low-molecular-weight dicarboxylic acids, oxocarboxylic acids, α-dicarbonyls, and fatty acids: Implications for atmospheric processing of organic aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres,  121: 3707–3717.

Aslan-Sungur G, X Lee, F Evrendilek, N Karakaya (2016) Large interannual variability in net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange of a disturbed temperate peatlandScience of the Total Environment 554–555: 192–202.   

Wen X, B Yang, X Sun, X Lee (2016) Evapotranspiration partitioning through in-situ oxygen isotope measurements in an oasis cropland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 230-231: 89-96. 

Xiao W, X Wen, W Wang, Q Xiao, J Xu, C Cao, J Xu, C Hu, J Shen, S Liu, X Lee (2016) Spatial distribution and temporal variability of stable water isotopes in a large and shallow lake. Isotopes in Environmental & Health Studies, 52:443-454. online supplement / data access

Cao F, SC Zhang, K Kawamura, YL Zhang (2016) Inorganic markers, carbonaceous components and stable carbon isotope from biomass burning aerosols in Northeast China. Science of The Total Environment, 572: 1244-1251.

Zhao L, X Lee, AE Suyker, X Wen (2016) Influence of leaf area index on the radiometric resistance to heat transferBoundary-Layer Meteorology 105: 105-123.

Zhang YL, K Kawamura, PQ Fu, KRB Suresh, W Tomomi, H Shiro, T Akinori, W Wang  (2016) Aircraft observations of water-soluble dicarboxylic acids in the aerosols over ChinaAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16: 6407–6419.

 

2015

Zhang YL, Cao F (2015) Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in China at a city level. Scientific Reports 5: 14884.

Zheng J, D Yang, Y Ma, M Chen, J Cheng, S Li, Ming Wang (2015)  Development of a new corona discharge based ion source for high resolution time-of-flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer to measure gaseous H2SO4 and aerosol sulfate. Atmospheric Environment 119: 167-173.

Turner PA,  TJ Griffis, X Lee, JM Baker, RT Venterea, JD Wood (2015) Indirect nitrous oxide emission from streams within the US Corn BeltProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112: 9839–9843.

Lee X, Z Gao, C Zhang, F Chen, Y Hu, W Jiang, S Liu, L Lu, J Sun, J Wang, Z Zeng, Q Zhang, M Zhao, M Zhou (2015) Priorities for boundary-layer meteorology research in ChinaBulletin of American Meteorological Society 96: ES149-ES151.

Zhang YL, J Schnelle-Kreis, G Abbaszade, R Zimmermann, P Zotter, R Shen, K Schafer, L Shao, ASH Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Source apportionment of elemental carbon in Beijing, China: insights from radiocarbon and organic maker measurements. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49: 8408-8415.

Zhang YL, M Cerqueira, G Salazar, P Zotter, C Hueglin, C Zellweger, C Pio, ASH Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Wet deposition of fossil and non-fossil derived particulate carbon: insights from radiocarbon meeasurement. Atmospheric Environment 115: 257-262.

Zhang YL, Cao F (2015) Is it time to tackle PM2.5 air pollutions in China from biomass-burning emissions? Environmental Pollution 202: 217-219.

Hu Z, Q Xiao, J Yang, W Xiao, W Wang, S Liu, X Lee (2015) Temporal dynamics and regulation of ecosystem metabolism in a large subtropical shallow lake (Lake Taihu). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12: 3691–3706.

Cao F, Zhang YL (2015) Tightening non-fossil emissions control: a potential opportunity for PM2.5 mitigation in ChinaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112 (12): E1402.

Zhang YL, RJ Huang, I El Haddad, KF Ho, JJ Cao, Y Han, P Zotter, C Bozzetti, KR Daellenbach, F Canonaco, JG Slowik, G Salazar, M Schwikowski, J Schnelle-Kreis, G Abbaszade, R Zimmermann, U Baltensperger, ASH Prévôt, S Szidat (2015) Fossil vs. non-fossil sources of fine carbonaceous aerosols in four Chinese cities during the extreme winter haze episode in 2013. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15: 1299–1312. 

Zhang X, X Lee, TJ Griffis, AE Andrews, JM Baker, MD Erickson, N Hu, W Xiao (2015) Quantifying nitrous oxide fluxes on multiple spatial scales in the Upper Midwest, USAInternational Journal of Biometeorology 59: 299–310.

 

2014

Zhao L, X Lee, RB Smith, K Oleson (2014) Strong contributions of local background climate to urban heat islandsNature 511: 216-219. Nature News & Views / Nature Geoscience News & Views / Yale News Release / LA Times / USA Today / Business Insider | Nature article on collaboration

Lee X, S Liu, W Xiao, W Wang, Z Gao, C Cao, C Hu, Z Hu, S Shen, Y Wang, X Wen, Q Xiao, J Xu, J Yang, M Zhang (2014) The Taihu Eddy Flux Network: an observational program on energy, water, and greenhouse gas fluxes of a large freshwater lakeBulletin of American Meteorological Society 95: 1583-1594. 

Xiao W, S Liu, H Li, Q Xiao, W Wang, Z Hu, C Hu, Y Gao, J Shen, X Zhao, M Zhang, X Lee (2014) A flux-gradient system for simultaneous measurement of the CH4, CO2 and H2O fluxes at a lake-air interface. Environmental Science and Technology 48: 14490−14498. online supplement / data access (readme / 86_MLW_2012_2014)

Zhang X, X Lee, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, W Xiao (2014) Estimating regional greenhouse gas fluxes: An uncertainty analysis of planetary boundary layer techniques and bottom-up inventories. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14: 10705–10719. 

Hu N, JC Hu, XD Jiang, ZZ Lu, YF Peng, WL Chen, KM Yao, M Zhang, SR Jia, XW Pei, WH Luo (2014) Establishment and optimization of a regionally applicable maize gene-flow model. Transgenic Research 23: 795-807.

Santos E, C Wagner-Riddle, X Lee, J Warland, S Brown, R Staebler, P Bartlett, K Kim (2014) Temporal dynamics of oxygen isotope compositions of soil and canopy CO2 fluxes in a temperate deciduous forest. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 119: 996-1013. 

Shen S, D Yang,  W Xiao, S Liu, X Lee (2014) Constraining anthropogenic CH4 emission in Nanjing and the Yangtze River Delta, China using atmospheric CO2 and CH4 mixing ratios. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 31: 1343–1352.

Hu Z, X Wen, X Sun, L Li, G Yu, X Lee, S Li (2014) Partitioning evapotranspiration through oxygen isotopic measurements of water pools and fluxes in a temperate grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 119:358-371.

Zhang M, X Lee, G Yu, S Han, H Wang, J Yan, Y Zhang, Y Li, T Ohta, T Hirano, J Kim, N Yoshifuji, W Wang (2014) Response of surface air temperature to small-scale land clearing across latitudes. Environmental Research Letters 9:034002. online supplement / Enviromental Research Web news release 天际新闻

Wang W, W Xiao, C Cao, Z Gao, Z Hu, S Liu, S Shen, L Wang, Q Xiao, J Xu, D Yang, X Lee (2014) Temporal and spatial variations in radiation and energy balance across a large freshwater lake in China. Journal of Hydrology 511: 811-824.

Zhang X, X Lee, TJ Griffis, JM Baker, M Erickson, N Hu, W Xiao (2014) The influence of plants on atmospheric methane in an agriculture-dominated landscape. International Journal of Biometeorology 58:819-833.

 

2013

Zhao L, X Lee, S Liu (2013) Correcting surface solar radiation of two data assimilation systems agasint FLUXNET observations in North America. Journal of Geophysical Research -- Atmospheres, 118: 9992-9564.  online supplement

Griffis TJ, X Lee, JM Baker, MP Russelle, X Zhang, R Venterea, DB Millet (2013) Reconciling the differences between top-down and bottom-up estimates of nitrous oxide emissions for the US Corn Belt. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 27: 746-754.  online supplement

Huang, J, C Zhou, X Lee, Y Bao, X Zhao, J Fung, A Richter, X Liu (2013) Impact of rapid urbanization on seasonal changes in tropospheric nitrogen dioxide and ozone over East China. Atmospheric Environment 77: 558-567.

Hu Z, H Ling, S Chen, S Shen, H Zhang, Y Sun (2013) Soil respiration, nitrification, and denitrification in a wheat farmland soil under different managements. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44: 3092-3102.  

Xiao W, S Liu, W Wang, D Yang, J Xu, Chang Cao, H Li, X Lee (2013) Transfer coefficients of momentum, sensible heat and water vapour in the amtospheric surface layer of a large freshwater lake. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 148: 479-494.

Wen XF, Y Meng, XY Zhang, XM Sun, X Lee (2013) Evaluating calibration strategies for isotope ratio infrared spectroscopy for atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 measurement. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 6:1491-1501.

Deng B, S Liu, W Xiao, W Wang, J Jin, X Lee (2013) Evaluation of the CLM4 lake model at a large and shallow freshwater lake. Journal of Hydrometeorology 14: 636-649. online data supplement

Hu Z, H Li, S Chen, Y Yang (2013) Chlorophyll content and photosystem efficiency in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] exposed to supplemental ultraviolet-B radiation. Photosynthetica 51: 151-157. 

Hu Z, H Cui, S Chen, S Shen, H Li, Y Yang, C Li (2013) Soil respiration and N2O flux resposne to UV-B radiation and straw incorporation in a soybean-winter wheat rotation system. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 224:1394.

 

2012

Welp L, X Lee, T Griffis, XF Wen, W Xiao, SG Li, XM Sun, ZM Hu, M Val Martin, J Huang (2012) A meta-analysis of water vapor deuterium-excess in the mid-latitude atmospheric surface layer. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 26: GB3021, doi:10.1029/2011GB004246  / online supplement

Xiao W, X Lee, X Wen, X Sun, S Zhang (2012) Modeling biophysical controls on canopy foliage water 18O enrichment in wheat and corn. Global Change Biology 18: 1769-1780 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02648.x.  online supplement

Lee X, J Huang, EG Patton (2012) A large-eddy simulation study of water vapour and carbon dioxide isotopes in the atmospheric boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 145: 229-248.  online supplement

Wen XF, X Lee, XM Sun, JL Wang, SG Li, GR Yu (2012) Inter-comparison of four commercial analyzers for water vapor isotope measurement. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 29:235-247.

 

2011

Griffis TG, X Lee, JM Baker, K Billmark, N Schultz, M Erickson, X Zhang, J Fassbinder, W Xiao, N Hu (2011) Oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration and its relation to C4 photosynthetic discrimination. Journal of Geophysical ResearchBiogeosciences 116, G01035, doi:10.1029/2010JG001514.

 

2010

Lee X (2010) East and West at a crossroad: a commentary on China’s environmental regulation and resource use. Journal of Resources and Ecology 1: 87-93. 

Griffis TJ, SD Sargent, X Lee, JM Baker, J Greene, M Erickson, X Zhang, K Billmark, N Schultz, W Xiao, N Hu (2010) Determining the oxygen isotope composition of evapotranspiration using eddy covariance. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 137: 307-326.

Xiao W, X Lee, TJ Griffis, K Kim, LR Welp, Q Yu (2010) A modeling investigation of canopy-air oxygen isotopic exchange of water vapor and carbon dioxide in a soybean field. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 115: G01004, doi:10.1029/2009JG001163. 

 

2009

Lee X (2009) Lectures on China’s Environment. Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Publication Series Report Number 20. order print copy